This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. Self-Discipline V. Personal Health VI. COMPLETION OF RECRUITMENT After the youth has completed and passed the tryout. Socrates served as an Athenian hoplite, and distinguished himself in several important battles during the Peloponnesian war (431 ... We have a brief mention of Socrates’ service from Xenophon but also a longer portrayal of Socrates discussing military training and tactics, in a manner indicative of his past experience. The national epic poems, Homer's Illiad and Odyssey, were mandatory teaching in all Athenian elementary schools. Athens still had a large army, but unlike Sparta it didn't concentrate only just on military. Discord Requirement II. This gave the Athenian fleets an advantage in training over the less professional fleets of its rivals. Just so, what is not required for a citizen of Athens? Education - Education - Athens: Beginning at a date difficult to fix precisely (at the end of the 7th or during the 6th century), Athens, in contrast to Sparta, became the first to renounce education oriented toward the future duties of the soldier. At age 20, Spartan men had to pass a series of demanding tests of physical prowess and leadership abilities. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. After the two years of training, the Greek men would be inevitably liable for military service. Shield design: either individually chosen or representing clan, neighbourhood, or tribe ; Clothing and Jewellery. According to the legend, the Spartan law was written by the great lawmaker (Greek : νομοθέτης, nomothetis) Lycurgus. Pride III. While no marvelous works of art or literature ever came of this system, it did accomplish the Spartan goal of producing elite soldiers. The Athenian men became the citizens after two years of military training. By the age of 20, after several years of additional training after finishing the agoge at about age 16, a Spartan man was deemed ready to become part of the standing army of Spartan citizen soldiers. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. The remainder of the book is a series of shorter chapters on particular topics related to the Athenian … The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Accompanying every hoplite was a lightly armed attendant, either a poor citizen who could not afford a regular suit of armor (panoplia), or possibly a trusted slave.These attendants carried the hoplite's shield until the battle and most of the baggage. Army. Ancient Athenian society was very different from Spartan society. These schools were usually private schools, but tuition costs were low enough that even most poor Athenians could afford to send their boys to school for at least a few years. Author: Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. The problem was that this gave more power in the hands of the strategos, but it also made sure that policy of the city did remained consistent. Unlike their Athenian counterparts, Spartan girls also went to school at age seven. In fact, the distinctive approaches that Sparta and Athens took to combat embraced a wide range of tactics, only a few of which were tied to their traditional divide at the shoreline. Spartan boys would start their education later , The focus for them was military training. They were required to continue serving the military, however, until age 60. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. (1) The Athenian Trireme. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. manu2168 manu2168 Are there any options New questions in History. The key passage against Athenian military training, often quoted, is Xen., Mem., Ill, 12. They are to send a pending request to the army and purchase the uniform. Plat. Sadly, due to their focus on arts and literature over combat, the Athenian army was not the biggest or the strongest. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. They both shared many of their beliefs and heroes, but they were very different when it came to their government. The young men learned between the age of 8 and 18 of several subjects such as grammar, music, and art of public speaking. A generation after the establishment of democracy Athens became such a power under the influence of Themistokles. The same people could become strategos year after year, unlike as in many other Greek cities. Athens and Sparta were the most powerful empire and city-states in Greece 2,500 years ago. This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. Plutarch mentions that Lycurgus (literally \"wolf-worker\") wrote the laws in order to make the city state of Sparta invincible, the Spartans fearless and law-abiding. ...” in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. During the Persian wars Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean that destroyed the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. Each city-state had its own government, its own military, and its own way of doing things. The officer must ensure all the men are within a discord call. Encyclopedia Research. Athens government didn't have a high value on their military like Sparta did because Athenian boys only started training at the age of eighteen and training only lasted for two years. Athenian Military Handbook Description. This isn’t a question that can be answered in a few paragraphs, so the following is just a generalization. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. There they learned gymnastics, wrestling, and did calisthenics. Language Requirement IV. It was largely similar to other armies of the region. At the age of 18, Spartan boys had to go out into the world and steal their food. In The Springtime of the People: The Athenian Ephebeia and Citizen Training from Lykourgos to Augustus Thomas R. Henderson provides a new history of the Athenian ephebeia, a system of military, athletic, and moral instruction for new Athenian citizens. was up to their parents to arrange and pay for. Question Eight: The education of a Spartan boy and an Athenian Boy were greatly different. Athenian Military Handbook Description. Wikipedia: Athenian military. (as such only the very wealthy were hoplites in Athenian armies) On the plus side Athens had a far bigger population than … A. Spartan children had military training and studied foreign languages, whereas athenian children were encouraged in civic participation and religion. From the very beginning, the Athenians were compelled to fight for their new democracy. Sparta Spartan soldiers. Any training that Athenian children received in reading, writing, literature, music, etc. The eponymous heroes were the patrons of the 10 Athenian tribes and the notice or call for these men to join the army would be attached to the monument base of these eponymous heroes in the Athenian agora. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers , people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war . Yet the Spartan and Athenian ways of war differed in far more than a simple preference for fighting on land rather than sea. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.(1). This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. 1 Forces 1.1 Infantry 1.2 Cavalry 1.3 Navy 2 References 3 Sources The mainstay of the Athenian army, like practically all Greek armies, was the heavy armed infantry soldier, the hoplite. V.67.2), Xenophon explicitly states that Athenian troops received no official training (see Xen. (3), During primary school, younger boys learned calisthenics and often were taught how to play ball games, while older boys were taught more military-type activities, such as running, boxing, and wrestling. At a Glance. II.39.1-4). Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. It was a law-package with politico-military, economic and social reforms. Other than requiring two years of military training that began at age 18, the state left parents to educate their sons as they saw fit. The training session is the latest sign that the U.S. military is expanding its presence in Greece, which U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called a “critical ally” in the region. In Athens, the military was just one part of society. What is a duty of older Athenian men? By the time the young Athenian males turned 18, they would give their oath to the Gods of the City, and join the city's army for a two full years of basic training. Labels Chapter I Hoplitai Manual ___ Section I Recruiting. With thousands of kilometers of coastline and hundreds of islands, the Greek world was likely to be dominated only by a naval power. The boys were also taught how to play the lyre, sing, and do arithmetic. They were allowed to learn in the privacy of their own homes, but as a result, most Athenian women had primarily domestic educations. Boys would continue to go to a school until the age of 14, and then would either go to a higher educational school in philosophy or take military training in the army or navy. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. In other city-states, there was a ... Athens, by far, had the best navy of all of the ancient Greek city-states. Assemblies or groups of elite citizens sanctioned war, and generals (strategoi) came to be accountable for their actions and were often elected for fixed ter… The Spartans had the only standing army of the period and this was regimented and drilled to a degree not seen elsewhere. They were trained to harden themselves to the elements. However, over the course of the war these military cultures discernibly changed, leaving them more closely aligned. Although many historians dispute that Lycurgus ever actually existed as a hum… First the negative evidence - or what is often thought to be that. Get an answer to your question “How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? 1 See answer nayday27 is waiting for your help. At age 30, they became full citizens of Sparta, provided they had served honorably. All Athenian citizens were expected to have military training, be educated, pay their taxes and serve Athens in times of war. The schools were private, but the tuition was low enough so that even the poorest citizens could afford to send their children for at least a few years. (3), Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however. Boys went to school until eighteen, at which time they could choose to go to the military for two years or pursue another career. In Sparta, conquest was used to get resources, while in Athens they used trade to get what they needed. Until age 6 or 7, boys were taught at home by their mother or by a male slave. Members. An Athenian male has to train for two years in the military services while a Spartan male starts training at age 12 and spends many years training. E. In Sparta, slaves received military training while in Athens, slaves participated in the government. They were allowed to take a wife, but they weren't allowed to live with her. Over 24,000 soldiers every year go through U.S. Army basic training at Fort Benning. Getting caught would result in harsh punishment, including flogging, which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves. There were three people that participated in it,” Couch noted. Members. The Spartan military was universally disliked, but they were also universally respected. In some city-states, like Sparta, all men were warriors and the women were trained warriors as well. Culture during the rise of Athens . In the early stages of Greek Warfare in the Archaic period, training was haphazard and even weapons could be makeshift, although soldiers were usually paid, if only so that they could meet their daily needs.There were no uniforms or insignia and as soon as the conflict was over the soldiers would return to their farms. He would live in the barracks with his fellow soldiers and could be called to war at any time by the Spartan state. But even a trained and well-drilled army with bad morale can be crushed by spirited amateurs. Athenian Hoplite of the Persian Wars. Their dramatic victories over the Boiotians and Chalkidians in 506 B.C. Evolving from armed bands led by a warrior leader, city militia of part-time soldiers, providing their own equipment and perhaps including all the citizens of the city-state or polis, began to move warfare away from the control of private individuals and into the realm of the state. I recommend reading books on this period instead of using Quora. The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. Boys from families that could afford it continued to remain in school for four more years. military training. Barry Williams—Getty Images. Such was the reputation of the Spartans army that scholars and tacticians in the present day still keenly study the battles and training methods of this army in universities and military academies around the world. All Athenian boys were expected to read heavily, however, as literature played a very important part in their education. After the two years of training, only two years of service was rquired and after his service he only had to serve again if called into battle. Ancient Athens was determined to produce thinkers (philosophers) and The Athenian soldiers were required to serve two years, and from then on they could still be called upon to fight, but of course they wouldn't be regularly training anymore. The Athenian military was the military force of Athens, one of the major city-states (poleis) of Ancient Greece. What happens to a Spartan male at age 30? The concept was that a soldier must learn stealth and cunning. The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started to … 0 0. The Athenian boys started the education early; their focus was philosophy. Loyalty IV. How did the Spartan emphasis on military training differ from Athenian ideas on how to train young men? This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. The Athenian army was no match for the size and effectiveness of the Spartan army, but what they lacked on land, they made up for at sea, with an innovation that completely changed the face of naval warfare and would make Athens the dominant naval power for a century or more. How Ancient Sparta's Harsh Military System Trained Boys Into Fierce Warriors The Greek city-state imposed brutal training and contests that began at age 7. Athens army was a part time army, it was made up of part time soldiers who had to buy and supply their own equipment, because they all had other jobs they spent much less time training and as they brought their own equipment the standards between men varied greatly. 13. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. 12. 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