History- Important places, persons in news History: Visva-Bharati University. However, spring mesmerises with its charm with natural beauty at its full bloom welcoming the Vasant Utsav and, thus, making March the most favourable time to visit the place. [1], In 1863, Debendranath Tagore took on permanent lease 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land, with two chhatim (alstonia scholaris) trees, at a yearly payment of Rs. Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveler reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. The university offers specialised 4-year courses in Persian, Tibetan, Chinese and Japanese. 5, from Bhuban Mohan Sinha, the talukdar of Raipur, Birbhum. The ashram was shifted to Gendaria in Dhaka in 1318 B.S. The Santals on either side of the main door and on the eastern corner were by Ramkinkar Baij. It has beautiful frescoes by Nandalal Bose. Shantiniketan is a university town with varied educational facilities. Kala Bhavana offers courses in painting, mural, sculpture, graphic art, design (textiles/ ceramics) and history of art. Krishna Kripalani's biography of Tagore was amongst the best ever written. Shantiniketan is a neighbourhood of Bolpur city in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum district in West Bengal, India, approximately 152 km north of Kolkata . Maharshi Debendra, father of Rabindranath Tagore, founded an ‘Ashram' here in 1863. Kalo Bari is a unique structure of mud and coal tar and profusely decorated. The area is classified as an "Aw" (tropical savanna climate) under the Köppen Climate Classification. Although the overall environment of the surrounding areas have changed with time, the core area of Santiniketan has retained its closeness with nature.[10]. In 1901, with the efforts of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the ashram was converted into an open air school that was eventually recognised as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. After the formal Visva Bharati programme, other programmes follow. Āśramakathā, COVID-19 Resources. Pioneers in Niche Retirement Communities. The Santiniketan Ashram, also known as Tagore’s Ashram is located in Shantiniketan, West Bengal. The area is flanked on two sides by the rivers, the Ajay and the Kopai. [11], Rabindra Bhavana, founded in 1942, just after the death of the poet, is the focal point of Visva Bharati. [13], The Uttarayana Complex, which lies in the northern portion of the town and is located next to Rabindra Bhavana, features a collection of five houses built by Rabindranath – Udayan, Shyamali, Konark, Udichi and Punascha. Shantiniketan enjoys a pleasant weather all through the year with slight changes during summer, winter and monsoon. Rules. He originally named it Brahmacharya Ashram, in the tradition of ancient forest hermitages called tapoban. The ori­gins of this em­i­nent uni­ver­sity date back to 1863 when Ma­harshi Deben­dranath Tagore, the za­min­dar of Silaidaha in East Ben­gal, was given a tract of land by Babu Sitikanta Sinha, the za­min­dar of Raipur, which is a neigh­bour­ing vil­lage not far from Bolepur and pre­sent-day San­ti­nike­tan and set up an ashram at the spot that has now come to be called cha­tim tala at the heart of the town. It was just opposite Shantiniketan of those days. ShantiNiketan’s goal is to provide quality lifestyle and homes for 55+ active adults in niche markets, especially to immigrants from the Indian sub-continent, in the U.S. and around the world. [37], Every Saturday, one can visit the haat (or market) at Sonajhuri, close to Shantiniketan. Having lived in Shantiniketan, Nutan Bari, Dehali, Prantik, all within the ashram until 1919, Rabindra Tagore decided to live in Uttarayan (for the last 20 years of his life), which consisted of five houses – Konarka, Udayana, Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi. The annual average temperature is 26.2°C. It is meant for important guests visiting Santiniketan. The ashram was ini­tially called Brah­macharya Ashram, which was later re­named Brah­macharya Vidyalaya. Santiniketan earlier had an extensive forest cover, but substantial soil erosion gave certain areas a barren look, the resulting phenomenon is locally known as khoai. Photo Source [18] His son, Rathindranath Tagore was one of the first five students at the Brahmacharya asrama at Santiniketan. It is a tourist attraction where thousands of visitors each year come to witness the university – an envisioned and accomplished idea of Rabindranath Tagore. He built a guest house there and named it Shantiniketan (the abode of peace). Kalo Bari - the house built with mud and coal tar. Ananda Bazar is a fair for handicrafts by the students, held on Mahalaya day. When Visva Bharati was made a central university in 1951, Rathindranath was appointed its first vice-chancellor. He set up an ashram at the spot that has now come to be called chatim tala at the heart of the town. Tagore’s Ashram, the abode of Rabindranath Tagore is recognised as a place of historical significance since he wrote many of his literary works here. [33], Shantiniketan was originally a part of the ancestral zamindari of the Sinha family of Raipur, Birbhum. He retired as the longest serving principal of Patha Bhavana. [2], Binoy Ghosh says that Bolpur was a small place in the middle of the 19th century. Shantiniketan is situated at 23°41′N 87°41′E / 23.68°N 87.68°E . [citation needed], Baul performance at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, Local village hndicrafts and other items at Sonajhuri Saturday haat, neighbourhood in Bolpur, Birbhum, West Bengal, India, Neighbourhood in Birbhum, West Bengal, India, District Census Handbook Birbhum (Part A), Satyendra Prasanna Sinha, 1st Baron Sinha, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Santiniketan, "District Human Development Report: Birbhum, Chapter IV: Economic Opportunities and Security of Livelihood", "Visva Bharati complex, Ravindra Bhavana", "Museum and book in memory of Rathindranath Tagore, son of Rabindranath Tagore", "Exploring Tagore's Santiniketan, an abode of Learning Unlike Any in the world", "Marriage of Nandita (daughter of Mira), grand daughter of Rabindranath", "Station: Shantiniketan, Climatological Table 1981–2010", "Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary (Deer Park)", Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism, Notable people associated with Santiniketan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shantiniketan&oldid=998948376, Articles with Bengali-language sources (bn), Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 19:45. It is now a large wooded area with herds of deer and makes a natural bird sanctuary. Santiniketan, popularly known today as a university town, a hundred miles to the north of Kolkata, was originally an ashram built by Debendranath Tagore, where anyone, irrespective of caste and creed, could come and spend time meditating on the one Supreme God. History. It was Nandalal Bose, who created an environment where art would be a part of life and the children of Santiniketan have grown absorbing these beautiful monuments as they have the oxygen in the air.”[14]. A certain portion of Bolpur was a part of the zamindari of the Sinha family of Raipur. [14], Visva Bharati was established as a centre for culture with the objective of exploring the arts, language, humanities, music etc. Known as Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore’s abode, Tagore’s Ashram is one of the must-visit places in Santiniketan. It was in this building that Oxford University conferred its honorary doctorate on the poet, Rabindranath Tagore. On 1863, Maharshi Devendranath Tagore founded Shantiniketan Ashram. Later on, Rabindranath founded the Santiniketan School in his father's ashram in 1901. The ashram is currently involved in the upliftment of the under-privileged section of the society. In 1901, with the efforts of Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore, the ashram was converted into an open air school that was eventually recognised as the Visva Bharti University in 1921. Bhuban Mohan Sinha had developed a small village in the Bolpur area and named it Bhubandanga. Tagore's ashrama, Santiniketan Overview Known as Kaviguru Rabindranath Tagore's abode, Tagore's Ashram is one of the must visit places in Santiniketan. The visual perspective was based on the Borobudur style. There are certificate courses in leather craft, book binding & hand-made packaging, batik work and hand-made paper making. Our dreams are rocked in her arms. Udayan is the most imposing house in the Uttarayan complex. Bhasa Bhavana offers undergraduate and post-graduate courses in Arabic & Persian, Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Indo-Tibetan, Japanese, Odia, Santali and Sanskrit. Shantiniketan is situated at 23°41′N 87°41′E / 23.68°N 87.68°E / 23.68; 87.68. The best time to visit Tagore’s Ashram is from October to March. Nandalal planted Eucalyptus saplings in the area, knowing that one day these tall trees would be a perfect setting to Ramkinkar's Sujata. Try our monthly plan today. Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba Gandhi stayed in the house as guests. It was founded by Debendranath Tagore. In the 2011 census, Santiniketan is not identified as a separate place. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this WorldCat.org search.OCLC’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as … [3][4] In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. Sri Gouranga Anath Niketan was founded there on the 26th Agrahayana 1318 B.S. 25 Baisakh (7-8 May) is the birthday of Rabindranath Tagore but his birth anniversary is celebrated along with and subsequent to the Bengali New Year (mid April onwards). [20], Mira Devi, Rabindranath's youngest daughter, after her failed marriage, lived in Malancha built for her in the Ashrama complex in 1926. Shantiniketan is a neighbourhood in Bolpur city established by Maharshi Devendranth Tagore in 1863 and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore as … A heritage site well preserved by the authorities, this place is a giant mark left by our beloved Gurudev. Santiniketan House : In 1863, this two storied house was constructed on the right side of Chatimtala which is the oldest of all houses in Santiniketan. In addition, the Visva Bharati also serves as Shantiniketan's cultural center. June, July, August and September see heavy rainfall, these four months are known as monsoon (rainy season). He gave all his money from Nobel Prize and royalty money from his books to this University. [35], Sinha Sadan - 1926 CE - Santiniketan 2014-06-29 5505, Doorway - Sinha Sadan - 1926 CE - Santiniketan 2014-06-29 5525, Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary is located 3 km from Shantiniketan and is popular as Deer Park. [24], Supriyo Tagore, great grandson of Satyendranath, was a student of Patha Bhavana and Visva Bharati University before going abroad to complete his education. Bolpur Shantiniketan railway station is well connected with Sealdah Railway Station, Howrah Station, Kolkata Railway Station, Malda Town, New Jalpaiguri etc of West Bengal & Guwahati Railway Station of Assam. This was the basis of Poush Utsav (the Festival of Poush) at Santiniketan[32], In Shantiniketan, seasonal changes bring their own colors and beauties with various festivals. Santiniketan Ashram Sammilani International Inc. lock Unlock financial insights by subscribing to our monthly plan. The Santiniketan Brahmacharya Ashram `Mr. Pearson's class' As we look at the early history of Santiniketan, we find that the educational model that Tagore had in mind for the Brahmacharya Ashram, was in many ways a cultural statement of its time, informed by … Tagore's Ashram: Steeped in history - See 84 traveller reviews, 84 candid photos, and great deals for Santiniketan, India, at Tripadvisor. There are numerous other houses: Dehali, Santoshalaya, Singha Sadan, Dwijaviram, Dinantika, Taladwaj, Chaitya, Ghantatala, Panthasala, Ratan Kuthi, Malancha and others – each with an interesting story that makes it historically relevant. As per the Human Development Report for Birbhum ,2009, Santiniketan attracts 1.2 million tourists annually. The programme starts from the morning with singing and dancing to Tagore's tunes by the students and ends with spreading coloured powders (called ‘abir’) and expression of festive wishes. 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