Peter must have gone to a doctor if he felt bad. Firstly, it’s important to remember what modal verbs are and why they are used. To make guesses or deductions about past actions or states use a past modal of deduction. The plan below includes detailed instructions and the game cards. Unfolding mysteries – a game to practise modals of deduction This is a game that helps students practice and produce past modals in a fun context and encourages them to be creative. I think Steven drove to work today. The plan below includes detailed instructions and the game cards. Read the explanation to learn more. Must have - Might have - Could have - May have - Should have - Can't have. These modal verbs of deduction in the past are often confusing and difficult to remember, but with a little hard work and practice, you will learn how to use them correctly! For more help, see the Installation and upgrading handbook. Yes, if you are talking about possibility in the past you need the modal + have + past participle. You could have left it in your office. The … (I’m almost 100% certain that it explains what happened in the past.) Tommy might have eaten them. No, he can’t have driven! Modals of Deduction We can also make deductions about the 'How do you think the burglar got in? Epistemic modality is a sub-type of linguistic modality that encompasses knowledge, belief, or credence in a proposition.Epistemic modality is exemplified by the English modals may, might, must.However, it occurs cross-linguistically, encoded in a wide variety of lexical items and grammatical structures. She passed all her exams with excellent grades. – I’m sure she did her homework because she always does it. If you want to learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1. ESL Modals of Deduction Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Intermediate (A2-B1) - 40 minutes. must can't might To make deductions about the past we need to use modal verbs (must, might/may and can´t) 1. Grammar; To make guesses or deductions about past actions or states use a past modal of deduction. I might have made a mistake - There is a possibility that I made a mistake. We were able to connect to the MySQL database server (which means your username and password are okay) but not able to select the database. Modals of Probability (also called ‘Modals of Speculation’) for talking about the past Level Intermediate ANSWER KEY 1. They allow us to guess if something is true based on the information available. Advertisements. Independent User 3. 2. Give each group of three a copy of the worksheet. ' To make guesses about the past; = Modal verb + have + past participle 48. Use. She must have been late. Four very important ones to know are must , … It's only a 20 minute journey. He can't have been there. modal (past) + have + past … 4 The concert was fantastic. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. (I’m almost 100% certain that it explains what happened in the past.) Blog. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at … Log in required. ''Hemusthave climbed through the window. Modal verbs of deduction in the past lalalaAaAa ID: 1270060 Language: English School subject: English language Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 14+ Main content: Modal verbs Other contents: past simple Add to my workbooks (12) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Add to Microsoft Teams Advertisements. ''Hemusthave climbed through the window. Read the explanation to learn more. (MODALS FOR PRESENT DEDUCTION - It must be/ It can´t be/ It could be/ It might be) Level: intermediate Age: 10-100 Downloads: 81 : Modals for present Deduction Level: intermediate Age: 6-17 Downloads: 58 : Modals of deduction/probabilit y for past, present and future. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... Students work in pairs, put the situation-cards face down on the desk. Edit Content. Average: 3.5 (28 votes) Mon, 08/19/2013 - 07:02 — Chris McCarthy. Are you sure you have the correct database name? He'll never forgive you. Past modals of deduction. We use must have + past participle to say that we are quite sure that something was true or … ' To make guesses about the past; = Modal verb + have + past participle 48. I might have made a mistake - There is a possibility that I made a mistake. Where's my phone? Choose one of the following to complete the sentences. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. Modals of deduction and speculation. PDF Printables. Choose one of the following to complete the sentences.