Based on the MFA and on information gathered for its production, we can identify five leverage points in the current management of organic waste in Amsterdam. The sample shows a clear engagement towards organic waste which is probably not representative of the entire population. Macroenvironment: The macroenvironment is the total area of the city of interest.  The combination of these factors is affecting the Earth’s ecosystems, its climate, and societies. Inadequate handling of generated solid waste causes serious hazards to environment as well as living beings. Radar plots for the different practices wherein each of the five axes shows the score of one perspective. Innovation means that, all other parameters being comparable, innovative solutions are preferable to traditional ones, because they introduce new methods and features and exploit the latest technological developments. Apart from corporates or the business houses, the household WEEE can be collected through a network of retail outlets, scrap dealers, etc., • Competition: The biggest competition would be the informal sector. Design thinking allows for “zooming in,” identifying and visualizing systems’ leverage points that can be targeted with tangible and effective solutions. Liverpool and Stockholm 5. Rate the following statements based on your household and opinion. The statistical methods used are Time Series, Correlation and Geospatial Analysis in addition to the common Material Flow Analysis and a Life Cycle Assessment. conditions are often present when fraud exists; incentives, opportunity, and attitude. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Social acceptance is a key factor in the success of any waste management strategy. Gigamap visualizing the major workflows, processes, and relationships of our proposed integrative methodology. For instance, through the multipillar mapping we highlighted some serious issues in the current linear organic waste management: Currently, the different system’s components are neither outlined nor interconnected and therefore their function and value are lost.  It also evaluates the overall sustainability of the business models according to the integrative and sustainable waste management (SWM) concept adapted from Morrissey and Browne and Seadon. Case Studies 3-4: Two Low-Level Waste Case Studies from Canada. [25, 29] According to Battistoni et al., this approach has two phases, referring to two different levels of diagnosis. Preliminary assessment of the benefits produced by the new system at environmental, social and economic level. Indeed, the MFA is an effective tool for identifying the limitations and bottlenecks in the current system, and helps us find the leverage points. The five mesoenvironments in Amsterdam (detailed maps of population density, building heights, land use and waste infrastructure are included in the Supporting Information). Indeed, the diagram shows that practically all household organic waste goes to the incineration plant which is the typical destination of mixed waste. To map this component, we use a pragmatic bottom‐up approach. Each component is processed with specific tools and with the aim of mapping leverage points, challenges, and opportunities that can work as connection points (nodes) between them for their successive reintegration. These are territory, urban community, and governance (Figure 2). The survey also shed light on the biggest perceived barriers to organic waste separation, which were the lack of indoor space and of transparency in waste management. Stemming from these four characteristics, the city was divided into five mesoenvironments (Figure 6). We indeed provide in this stage tools, guidelines, and recommendation for the design of a strategy for the transition to a new system and its evaluation according to the principles that we want to see integrated in it. Such business models, being the outcome of the integration and interconnection between the mapping pillars, are especially designed to incorporate circular activities and a network of multiple actors involved in waste management. This resulted in a residential area with a high population density and a residential area with a medium to low population density. It allows for mapping the flows of the waste stream of interest through the city, identifying inputs, stocks, and outputs. These features were selected because they are relevant to any waste management strategy. Amsterdam is a world leader in encouraging alternatives to car travel and in its electric vehicle infrastructure. To this aim, the practices are exposed and analyzed through practical case studies. We consider source‐separation a prerequisite to any sustainable waste management strategy. The multipillar mapping highlights specific opportunities and limitations inherent to each pillar and uncovering the connecting nodes between them. Lack of Informative and Educative Campaigns: There is a lack of clear information regarding waste separation in general in the city. The overall “waste management” supersystem is very complex and presents a myriad of components. Then, as the residential part is the most extended and diverse area, it was further divided into two subenvironments based on population density and building heights.  Here, we identify three levels of complexity, cascading from the most to the least complex: macro‐, meso‐, and microenvironments. Inadequate handling of generated solid waste causes serious hazards to environment as well as living beings. All waste management services are covered by municipal service tax that has to be paid by every household. Waste Management was under pressure from other companies within the industry that could offer the same services at lower prices to customers. Waste management is … Street markets, because of their high concentration in the city and their production of a large quantity of organic waste daily on one site. Urban waste management is a complex system that needs to be tackled in a holistic, yet context‐specific manner. The results are visualized under the form of GIS maps. Case Study: Sustainable, decentralised, waste management system Dr Aparna Pandey, Head - Research wing, Monisha Narke , Founder and CEO and Pradnya Bandvdekar, Project Operations Executive, RUR GreenLife detail how the Bombay College of Pharmacy implemented an effective waste management system to reduce waste being transported to the landfills from their campus with technological …  It also needs innovative research approaches that enable the tackling of old issues from new viewpoints.. The Waste (Scotland) Regulations 2014 state that “food businesses which produce over 5kg of food waste per week must present food waste separately f… We outlined the system boundaries for our methodology around one city and one waste stream. Every system is composed of smaller‐scale elements, which we call “components,” that in turn are themselves systems composed of smaller units. As regards the non‐digital promotion, 2500 flyers were printed (on recycled paper with eco‐ink which makes their further recycling easier) and distributed around the city in different locations. These include key activities (i.e., waste collection, transportation, and processing), supporting activities (i.e., incentivizing methods and monitoring), and related activities, which allow to close the loop and make the business model as circular as possible. Mr. Garamszeghy’s presentation was split into three parts: background on Canadian nuclear regulation and management, a case study on the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI), and a case study on the Deep Geological Repository for low- and intermediate-level wastes. Macroenvironment package: set of measures to implement at the city level, setting the conditions and the context for a successful implementation of the business models proposed for the different sub‐environments. in the late 20th century, rising prosperity led to a greater production and consumption of goods and a consequent increase in waste generation 2 Therefore, the mapping process allows us to identify a total of 11 subenvironments in the city of Amsterdam, each requiring a different and targeted approach. This contaminates organic waste and makes it unrecoverable. While we acknowledge these external influences, we use the city scale as the highest scale of the territorial mapping, as this is the area of intervention.  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